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Press Release

64% of companies in India expect labour code change to have significant impact on P&L, WTW study finds

June 22, 2022

Organisations are coming out of the pandemic induced survival mode and topics with long-term implications like retirement adequacy and employee benefits are coming back to the discussion table.
Health and Benefits|Retirement|Ukupne nagrade |Benessere integrato
  • Long-term benefits review: 53% of companies are planning to review within next two years
  • Labour Codes: 64% expect a significant impact on their P&L; 34% are unsure of making changes to their compensation structure; 46% are planning to continue Provident Fund contributions on Basic Salary
  • Drivers: Employee Experience and regulatory complexity are top influencing factors
  • Superannuation: 44% are currently providing superannuation scheme to their employees and 71% are not considering winding up or porting to NPS
  • Provident Fund: 73% feel that EPFO services have significantly improved

NEW DELHI, June 22, 2022 — A majority 64% companies in India expect significant impact on their P&L as a result of the anticipated changes in the labour code. In light of regulatory changes, labour reforms and increasing cost of providing retirement benefits, 53% of organisations in India are considering or have planned to review their retirement or long-term benefits design in the next two years. These are among the findings from the State of Retirement Benefits Study in India by WTW (Willis Towers Watson, NASDAQ: WTW), a leading global advisory, broking and solutions company.

The study also reveals that Employee Experience (49%) is the top influencer of long-term employee benefits strategy, followed by regulatory complexity (45%). Digitalisation of benefits is also ranked amongst the top influencing factors at 26%.

Labour Codes

Considering the anticipated Labour Code related changes, 71% of companies have taken some action to assess implications. On the other hand, 34% are unsure of making changes to their compensation structure in response to the new definition of wages, while 23% are planning to include variable pay in the wage definition.

In addition, 46% of companies plan to continue contribute 12% of basic salary towards provident fund as prevailing regulations while almost one-third (32%) are unsure of their response.

Expected treatment when calculating wages
  Exclude from the definition of wage Include in the definition of wage Remuneration in kind
Stock options (and similar plans) 72% 6% 22%
Car leases 68% 20% 12%
Variable pay including bonus 77% 23%
Travel concessions 72% 28%
All travel related components (clubbed into the conveyance allowance) 76% 24%

Employees’ Provident Fund

According to the study, approximately 7 in 10 Employee’s Provident Funds are being managed by a regulator. An equal number of respondents believe that the EPFO services have significantly improved with increased administration efficiency and digital enablement. A large number (73%) also feels that market volatility and the current bond defaults or downgrades have been a cause of increasing concern for their self-managed provident fund. Half the surveyed companies report that regulatory compliance has become a significant burden and a similar number said that managing their own provident fund trust is not a sustainable option in the long-term.

Superannuation and National Pension System (NPS)

The study found that 73% of the surveyed companies currently provide or plan to implement Corporate NPS and amongst those that already provide it, 61% are exploring strategies to increase the participation rate.

Furthermore, 13% have ported from the Superannuation scheme to NPS, 25% are in the process or are considering to port and 36% offer or plan to offer both. On the other hand, 44% of organisations plan to continue to offer legacy superannuation plans and almost half have retained or are planning to retain the scheme for new entrants. The study also found that 71% are not considering to wind up their Superannuation scheme.

On porting from Superannuation to NPS, companies rank complexity (56%), employee communication (47%) and securing employee consent as top barriers.

Commenting on the study findings, Ritobrata Sarkar, Head of Retirement, WTW India, said: “Organisations are gradually coming out of the pandemic survival mode and focusing on issues such as the long-term implications of retirement adequacy and employee benefits. Our study shows that the retirement benefit landscape in India is evolving, with organisations retaining superannuation as an option in addition to promoting NPS. While both these avenues co-exist, it will be critical for organisations to consider the regulatory environment, flexibility for employees, cost-benefit analysis and most importantly, employee experience as they review their long-term employee benefits strategy and mix. That said, NPS continues to be a focus area with a large majority exploring strategies to increase employee participation rates.”

“A perceived improvement in the EPFO services combined with the bond market volatility and a complex regulatory environment are prompting companies that manage exempt provident funds to consider the feasibility of surrendering their fund to the EPFO,” he added.

About WTW

At WTW (NASDAQ: WTW), we provide data-driven, insight-led solutions in the areas of people, risk and capital. Leveraging the global view and local expertise of our colleagues serving 140 countries and markets, we help organizations sharpen their strategy, enhance organizational resilience, motivate their workforce and maximize performance.

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