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Press Release

Salaries in India to increase by 10% in 2023, WTW survey finds

March 2, 2023


NEW DELHI, March 2, 2023 — The median salary increases in India is forecasted to rise by 10% in 2023 (translating to an average salary increase of 10%), up from an actual increase of 9.8% in 2022. That’s according to WTW’s latest Salary Budget Planning survey conducted in Q4-2022 by leading global advisory, broking and solutions company WTW’s (NASDAQ: WTW).

The report looks at a range of job grades across various industry sectors and summaries the findings of WTW’s annual survey on salary movement and reviews practices as a means of helping companies with their compensation planning for 2023 and beyond.

Figure 1: Projected and actual salary increase (median) for companies in India

Projected and actual salary increase (median) for companies in India
Year Projected salary increase Actual salary increase
2023 10.0%
2022 9.3% 9.8%
2021 7.0% 8.5%
2020 10.0% 7.5%
2019 10.0% 9.9%

Salary increases across markets in Asia Pacific (APAC) continue to rise and are expected to be equal as last year or higher in 2023. The survey of over 700 companies in India found that salary increases in India continue to be the highest in the region. China is projected to see an increase of 6%, Vietnam at 8%, Indonesia at 7%, Hong Kong at 4% and Singapore at 4% this year.

Figure 2: 2022 Q4 Asia Pacific median salary increase budget

Unlike developed markets in the west, there appears to be limited corresponding impact of inflation on salary budgets in India, which have historically been higher than CPI (consumer price index) based inflation.

Figure 3: Inflation vs. Salary budget increases

Economic outlook, hiring and attrition rates

Fewer companies projected a positive business revenue outlook for the next 12 months (36%) in Q4 2022 compared to 52% in Q4 2021. However, close to 80% of organisations feel that they have similar or upward business revenue outlook for the next 12 months, implying that overall business confidence remains high.

The report also identifies ‘hot jobs’ for recruitment in the next 12 months, namely roles in Information Technology (61.1%), Engineering (54.4%), Sales (38.9%), Technically Skilled Trades (35.4%) and Finance (11.9%).

Rajul Mathur, Consulting Leader, Work and Rewards, WTW India said, “Business opportunity and employee retention are currently the primary driver for salary increases in India. Organisations will need to closely monitor economic indicators and the labour market while being flexible in planning their salary budgets. With a projected attrition rate as high as 24% for key talent segments, organisations need to look beyond pay increases and consider adjustments in their benefits, employee experience strategy, career paths, as well as work and stress management support they provide to their employees.”

“As the post-pandemic business strategies in several sectors firm up, workforce recalibrations are also taking place. Layoffs are reflective of this recalibration but that does not imply a change in the general positive business outlook”, added Mathur.

India’s overall voluntary attrition rate in 2022 remained high across sectors like. Technology, SSO (Shared Services and Outsourcing) and Financial Services compared to 2020.

Figure 4: Voluntary attrition trends in India over the last two years

Chart of India’s overall voluntary attrition rate in 2022 across sectors compared to 2022
Voluntary attrition trends in India over the last two years

Sectoral trends in India

Across most industries, the salary increase projection for 2023 shows an upward trend. Financial Services, Tech Media and Gaming, Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology, Chemicals and Retail sectors are expected to see the highest salary increases at 10%. On the other hand, salary increases in Manufacturing – Durable goods (9.5%), Manufacturing – Non-Durable goods (9%) and Business Process Outsourcing (9.8%) sectors are expected to be below the industry median.

Figure 5: Industry-wise budgeted salary increase trends

Variable payouts

The report also finds that salary budget allocated to variable pay in 2022 for performers across bands, remained in similar proportion as 2021.

Figure 6: Salary increment budget allocation by performance rating

About the survey

The Salary Budget Planning Report is compiled by WTW’s Reward Data Intelligence practice. The survey was conducted October and November 2022. Approximately 32,908 sets of responses were received from companies across 159 countries worldwide. In Asia Pacific, 1,985 organisations from 27 markets responded with 707 companies as participants from India.

About WTW

At WTW (NASDAQ: WTW), we provide data-driven, insight-led solutions in the areas of people, risk and capital. Leveraging the global view and local expertise of our colleagues serving 140 countries and markets, we help organizations sharpen their strategy, enhance organizational resilience, motivate their workforce and maximize performance.

Working shoulder to shoulder with our clients, we uncover opportunities for sustainable success—and provide perspective that moves you.

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